Russian ABC

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David A. Tanzer, April 5, 2021

Alphabet

  • 1. А a [a, a, а]
  • 2. Б б [b, be, бэ]
  • 3. В в [v, ve, вэ]
  • 4. Г г [g, ge, гэ]
  • 5. Д д [d, de, дэ]
  • 6. Е е [ye, ye, е]
  • 7. Ё ё [yo, yo, ё]
  • 8. Ж ж [zh, zhe, жэ]
  • 9. З з [z, ze, зэ]
  • 10. И и [i, ee, и]
  • 11. Й й [i, ee kratkaye, и краткое]
  • 12. К к [k, ka, ка]
  • 13. Л л [l, el, эль]
  • 14. М м [m, em, эм]
  • 15. Н н [n, en, эн]
  • 16. О о [o, o, о]
  • 17. П п [p, pe, пэ]
  • 18. Р р [r, er, эр]
  • 19. С с [s, es, эс]
  • 20. Т т [t, te, тэ]
  • 21. У у [u, oo, у]
  • 22. Ф ф [f, ef, эф]
  • 23. Х х [kh, xa, ха]
  • 24. Ц ц [ts, tse, цэ]
  • 25. Ч ч [ch, che, че]
  • 26. Ш ш [sh, sha, ша]
  • 27. Щ щ [shch, shcha, ща]
  • 28. Ъ ъ [hard sign, tvyordi znak, тбёрдый знак]
  • 29. Ы ы [y, yeri, ы]
  • 30. Ь ь [‘, myakee znak, мягкий знак]
  • 31. З з [e, e, э]
  • 32. Ю ю [yu, yoo, ю]
  • 33. Я я [ya, ya, я]

Soft versus hard consonants

  • Wikipedia: Russian distinguishes hard (unpalatalized or plain) and soft (palatized) consonants. Soft consonants are pronounced with the body of the tongue raised toward the hard palate, like the articulation of the y sound in yes.
  • б в г д з к л м н п р с т ф х are hard unless followed by е ё и ю я ь
  • ж ц ш are always hard
  • ч щ are always soft

For example, in любить all consonants are soft.

Reference

  • Nicholas J. Brown, The New Penguin Russian Course, Penguin, 1996.

Copyright © 2021, David A. Tanzer, All Rights Reserved.

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